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GENDER AND DEVELOPMENT
Hanoi works to reduce gender imbalance at birth
Posted: Feb 12,2019
Illustrative photo (Source: VNA)

Hanoi has set a goal this year to limit the imbalance of the sex ratio at birth and keep the rate at 113 girls per 100 boys.

According to the municipal Department, local family planning work is facing difficulties due to the city’s large population and area.

In 2018, the capital recorded the birth of 117,784 babies, representing a rate of 15.13 births per 1,000, an annual decrease of 0.17 per thousand. Meanwhile, the sex ratio at birth was 113 boys per 100 girls.

The city said this year, it will continue implementing its project on screening tests before and during pregnancy to boost population quality. Communications campaigns to raise public awareness on caring for children’s physical development via exercises and nutrition are also important.

Statistics show that sex imbalances at birth in Vietnam increased from 107 boys per 100 girls in 1999 to 110.5 in 2009, 113.8 in 2013 and 112.2 at present. The imbalances are increasing and spreading nationwide.

Up to 55 out of 63 cities and provinces have sex ratio at birth exceeding 108 boys per 100 girls, including Hanoi.

Sex imbalances at birth in Vietnam are mainly caused by the longstanding preference of males over females. Besides, people have easier access to affordable sex determination and sex selection technology, which allow couples to pursue their desire for sons.

As such, Vietnam is expected to lack 2.3 to 4.3 million women by 2050 if no prompt interventions are taken.-VNA

https://en.vietnamplus.vn/QT

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"... From the beginning of the first century A.D., when the two Trung Sisters rose up to fight the enemy and save the nation, until now, whenever our country has faced danger, our women have contributed whatever they could toward the cause of national liberation.

Our people are grateful that our mothers from South and North alike have borne and raised our nation's generation of heroes....

Under the Socialist system, tens of thousands of women have become specialists in different fields and, as cadre, serve as directors and vice-directors of factories, leaders of farming cooperatives, presidents of People’s Committees, and general secretaries of Party Cells....

And so, the women of Vietnam from ancient times until now, from South to North, from young to old, are truly heroes ..."

(Excerpted from President Ho Chi Minh's speech on the 36th Anniversary of Vietnam Women's Union 20 October 1966)

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