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INTRODUCTION
STATUTES OF THE VIETNAM WOMEN’S UNION
Posted: Jul 31,2014

 

Preamble

The Vietnam Women’s Union (VWU) is a socio-political organization representing the legitimate and legal rights and interests of Vietnamese women of all strata, and striving for women’s development and gender equality.

The Union is a member of the Vietnam Fatherland Front, the Women’s International Democratic Federation (WIDF), and the ASEAN Confederation of Women’s Organizations (ACWO).

From its predecessors to the Vietnam Women’s Union today, under the leadership of the Communist Party of Vietnam, the Union has united, mobilized, and rallied women across Vietnam to promote the tradition of patriotism, heroism, indomitableness, faithfulness, and resourcefulness, thus actively contributing to the cause of the construction and defense of the Motherland of the socialist Vietnam with wealthy people, strong country, and democratic, equitable and civilized society.

Chapter I

FUNCTIONS, TASKS

Article 1: Functions

1. Representing and protecting the legitimate and legal rights and interests of women from all strata; participating in the building of the Party and management of the State.

2. Uniting and encouraging women to implement the line and orientation of the Party, the policies and laws of the State and mobilizing the society to realize gender equality.

Article 2: Tasks

1. To raise awareness and educate women about politics, ways of thinking, revolutionary ideology, morality, lifestyle;the line and stance of the Party, and the policies and laws of the State.

2. To encourage women across all levels of society to proactively implement the line of the Party and the policies and laws of the State,to participate in building the Party and State, and in socio-economic development and national defense; to encourage and support women to enhance their capacity and knowledge,and to build happy families; and improve thematerial and spiritual life of women.

3. To participate in advising, proposing, formulating, giving social counter-arguments on, and supervising of the implementation of the line of the Party and the policies and laws of the State concerning the legitmateand legal rights and interests of women, family and children.

4. To build and develop a strong VWU organization.

5. To unite and enter into cooperation with women of other countries, and progressive organizations and individuals in the region and in the world for equality, development, and peace.

Chapter II

MEMBERSHIP AND MEMBER ORGANIZATION

Article 3: Membership

Vietnamese women age 18 and older, regardless of ethnic status, religion, occupation, and residence, who agree to the VWU Statutes and voluntarily take part in the Union’s activities shall be recognized as members of the Vietnam Women’s Union.

Article 4: Female governmental cadres, civil servants, workers and youth members

1. Female governmental cadres, workers and youth members are key forces of the women’s movement. Female governmental cadres, civil servants, workers, and youth who participate in the Trade Unions are VWU members; defining the implementation of the Resolution and the Statutes of the Union with regard to the Trade Union members shall be decided by the Presidium of the Vietnam Women’s Union in consultation with the Presidium of the Vietnam General Confederation of Labour.

2. Members who are female youth are pioneers of the women’s movement. Defining the implementation of the Resolution and Statutes of the Union for female youth members shall be decided by the Presidium of the Vietnam Women’s Union in consultation with the Secretariat of the Ho Chi Minh Communist Youth Union.

Article 5. Members in the armed forces

1. Women in the armed forces are members of the Vietnam Women’s Union.

2. The organization, tasks, and power of the women’s organization in the Vietnam People’s Army and the Vietnam People’s Police shall be defined by the Presidium of the Vietnam Women’s Union in consultation with the General Political Department of the Vietnam People’s Army and the General Department for the Building the Vietnam People’s Police Force.

Article 6: Member’s rights

1. To discuss and vote on the Union’s orientation and tasks in a democratic manner; to contribute ideas, expressing their aspirations to the Union; to participate in the Union’s activities at their residence and workplace.

2. To receive the Union’s guidance, assistance, and protection regarding their legitimate and legal rights and interests.

3. To stand for election, to propose candidates for election and to vote for leading bodies of the Union as per regulations.

Article 7: Members’ duties

1. To fullfil their citizenship obligations.

2. To observe the Union’s Statutes, to actively take part in the Union’s activities, and to pay membership dues as stipulated in the Statutes.

3. To study to raise their knowledge in all fields, to protect the Union’s reputation, and to build a strong VWU organization.

4. To unite and help one another in work, study, and life, to build a happy family and strive for gender equality.

Article 8: Member organizations

1. The legal Vietnamese women’s organizations in the country that agree with the Union’s Statutes and volunteer to join the Union shall be recognized as members of the Vietnam Women’s Union. The recognition procedure for member organizations shall be defined by the Presidium of the Vietnam Women’s Union.

2. Rights and duties of member organizations:

a. To observe and implement the Union’s Statutes and Resolutions in conformity with the mission, goals, functions, and tasks of the member organization.

b. To nominate its representatives to stand for election to the leading body of the Vietnam Women’s Union.

c. To propose the Union to protect its legitimate and legal rights and interests.

Chapter III

Principles of organization and operation, organizational structure, and the leading bodies of the Women's Union at different levels

Article 9: Principles of organization and operation

The Vietnam Women’s Union is organized and operates on the principles of voluntariness, democracy, alliance, and unanimous action.

The leading bodies of the Union at different levels shall be elected, and shall organize and conduct their work on the principles of collectivity and democracy.

Article 10: The Union’s organizational structure and funtional bodies at different levels

1. The Vietnam Women’s Union is organized in four levels:

a. The central level

b. The provincial/municipal and equivalent level (the called“provincial level”);

c. The district/precinct/provincial capital and equivalent level (the called “district level”);

d. The commune/ward and equivalent level ( the called “grassroots level”)

2. The functional bodies of the Union at the central, provincial and district level serve as the advisory and supporting bodies for the Executive Committee, the Presidium, or the Standing Committee at that level.

Article 11. The leading bodies of the Union at different levels

1. The highest body of the Union is the National Women’s Congress.

2. The leading body of the Union at each level is the Congress of Delegates or the Plenary Congress of all members at that level.

3. Between the two consecutive Congresses, the leading body of the Union at each level is the Executive Committee at that level.

4. Between the two consecutive conferences of an Executive Committee, the leading body is the Presidium or the Standing Committee at that level.

Article 12. The Women’s Congress of Representatives at different levels

1. The Congress at every level shall be convened regularly once every 5 years. In special cases, the Congress shall be convened at other times as determined by the upper level of the Union in accordance with its regulations.

2. The Congress is valid only when at least two-thirds of the convened delegates present.3. The composition and number of delegates of the Women’s Congress at each level shall be decided and implemented by the Executive Committee at that level. The official delegates of the Women’s Congress at each level include:

a. The members of the incumbent Executive Committee:

b. Delegates elected from the Women’s Congress at lower levels or from women’s groups in the case of the Women’s Congress at the grassroots level;

c. Delegates appointed: not exceeding 10% of the total delegates to be convened by the Executive Committee at that level.

4. The tasks of the Women’s Congress at the grassroots, district and provincial levels:

a. To evaluate the work of the women’s movement; to review the implementation and realization of the past Congress’s Resolution; to decide the orientation and tasks of the Women’s Union in the coming term.

b. To discuss the draft document of the Women’s Congress of the next higher level and the draft document of the National Women’s Congress.

c. To decide the number, composition, nominees, and to elect the members of the Executive Committee ensuring the required qualifications and conditions.

d. To elect the delegates to attend the Women’s Congress of the next higher level.

5. The tasks of the National Women’s Congress:

a. To evaluate the work of the women’s movement; to review the implementation of the Congress’s Resolution of the past term; to discuss and decide the orientation and tasks of the coming term.

b. To decide the amendment and supplementation of the Union’s Statutes.

c. To decide the number of members, composition, nominees, and to elect members of the Central Executive Committee of the Vietnam Women’s Union ensuring the required qualification and conditions.

Article 13. Election of members of the Presidium or the Standing Committee, President and Vice President of the Union at different levels.

1. The election of the Presidium or the Standing Committee, and President and Vice President of the Union at each level shall be done by the Executive Committee of that level ensuring the required qualifications and conditions.

2. The Presidium or the Standing Committee shall be elected from among the members of the Executive Committee at that level. The number, structure and composition of the Presidium or the Standing Committee at each level shall be decided by the Executive Committee of that level. The members of the Presidium shall not be more than 1/5 and members of the Standing Committee shall not be more than 1/3 of the members of the Executive Committee of that level.

3. The President and Vice President shall be elected from among the members of the Presidium or the Standing Committee.

4. The conferences of the Executive Committee are valid only when at least two-thirds of the convened delegates present.

Article 14. To elect additional members of the Executive Committee, the Presidium or the Standing Committee and President and Vice President of the Union at different levels

1. The Executive Committee has the right to elect additional members of the Executive Committee, the Presidium or the Standing Committee, President and Vice President when total seats decided at the Congress are not fully filled.

2. The members of the Executive Committee, the Presidium or the Standing Committee, President and Vice President of the Union at different levels who have retired or changed jobs, thus no longer fitting in the Executive Committee’s composition, shall step down from the Executive Committee.

3. When the need arises, the Executive Committee at different levels may elect additional members apart from the number of members decided by the Congress (but not more than 5% for the central level, and 10% for the provincial, district and grassroots levels).

Aricle 15: The form of election and conditions for winning election

1. The form of election: voting by raising hands or ballot

2. A successful candidate must win more than 50% of the total number of votes by delegates convened, and successful candidate are selected based on the number of votes, starting from the top down.

Article 16. To appoint members of the Executive Committee, the Standing Committee, President and Vice President of the Union at different levels

1. In case of changes in administrative areas or organizational restructuring, the Union at the next higher level may appoint the Executive Committee, the Standing Committee, President and Vice President of the Union of the lower level as per regulations.

2. The term of the Executive Committee, the Standing Committee, President, and Vice President does not need to be a full 5 year term.

Article 17: The duties and authority of the Central Executive Committee and the Presidium

1. The Central Executive Committee has the following duties and authority:

a. To approve resolutions, decisions, programs and plans of the Union in order to encourage women to implement the lines of the Party, the policies and laws of the State, and the Resolution of the National Women’s Congress.

b. To lead, instruct, and supervise the implementation of the lines of the Party, the policies and laws of the State and to monitor the implementation of the Union’s Resolution and Statutes.

c. To formulate, give social counter-arguments on, and supervise the implementation of the policies and laws concerning women, family, children and gender equality; to advise the Party and State on women’s work.

d. To represent the Union and Vietnamese women from all strata in the political system and in relations with other organizations at home and abroad.

e. To elect members of the Presidium from among the members of the Executive Committee, to elect the President and Vice President from among the members of the Presidium.

f. The Central Executive Committee shall meet regularly once a year, and shall convene an irregular meeting when the need arises.

2. The Presidium has the following duties and authority:

a. To direct and monitor the implementation of the Resolution of the Central Executive Committee; to convene and prepare the agenda of the Central Executive Committee’s conferences.

b. To decide the establishment, merging, spliting, or dissolving of the Union organization at the next lower level and other matters of the Union as per regulations.

c. The Presidium shall meet regularly once every 6 months, and will convene an irregular meeting when the need arises.

3. The Permanent body of the Presidium (including President and Vice Presidents) has the following duties and authority:

a. on behalf of the Presidium, to direct the work between the two meetings of the Presidium and address the daily work of the Central Women’s Union.

b. To prepare the agenda of the Presidium’s conference.

c. To lead and manage the functional body in charge of the Central Women’s Union; to decide the establishment and dissolution of the departments or units, working groups, and advisory councils of the Central Women’s Union as per regulations; to be entitled to use the stamp of the Central Executive Committee in managing the Central Union’s activities.

Article 18. The duties and authority of the Executive Committee, the Standing Committee of the Union at the provincial and district level

1. The Executive Committee of the Union at the provincial and district levels has the following duties and authority:

a. To approve resolutions, programs and plans in order to encourage women to implement the lines of the Party, the policies and laws of the State, the Resolution of the Women’s Congress of that level and higher levels.

b. To lead, instruct and supervise the implementation of the lines of the Party, the policies and laws of the State and to mornitor the implementation of the Resolution of the Women’s Congress of that level and higher levels.

c. To represent the Union organization and local women to participate in formulating, giving social counter-arguments on, and supervising the implementation of policies and laws concerning women, family, children and gender equality; to advise the local Party Unit and authorities on women’s work.

d. To elect members of the Standing Committee from among the members of the Executive Committee of that level; to elect the President and Vice President from among the members of the Standing Committee of that level.

e. The Executive Committee shall meet regularly once every 6 months and shall convene an irregular meeting when the need arises.

2. The Standing Committee has the following duties and authority:

a. To direct and monitor the implementation of the Resolution of the Executive Committee of the higher levels and of that level; to convene and prepare the agenda of the Executive Committee’s conferences of that level.

b. To decide the establishment, merging, spliting and dissolving of the Union organization at the next lower level and other matters of the Union of that level as per regulations.

c. The Standing Committee shall meet regularly once every three months, and shall convene an irregular meeting when the need arises.

3. The permanent body of the Union at provincial and district level (including President and Vice Presidents) has the following duties:

a. on behalf of the Standing Committee, to direct the work between the two meetings of the Standing Committee; to address the daily work of the functional body of the Union of that level.

b. To prepare the agenda of the Standing Committee’s meeting of that level.

c. To lead and manage the functional body of the Union of that level; to decide the establishment and dissolution of the departments or units, working groups, advisory councils of the functional body of the Union at that level as per regulations; to be entitled to use the stamp of the Executive Committee in managing the activities of the functional body of the Union at that level.

Chapter IV

Organizations of the Women’s Union at the grassroots level

Article 19. Organizations of the Women’s Union at the grassroots level

1. The Women’s Unions at the grassroots level form the foundation of the Union.

2. The Women’s Unions at the grassroots level shall decide to establish women’s chapters; and possibly women’s groups under women’s chapters. Women’s chapters and women’s groups shall meet at least once every three months.

Article 20. The duties and authority of the Executive Committee, the Standing Committee of the Women’s Union at the grassroots level

1. The Executive Committee has the following duties and authority:

a. To study and make suggestions to the local Party unit, authorities and the Women’s Union at higher levels concerning the life conditions, concerns, needs and demands of the members and women.

b. To lead, direct, and monitor the implementation of the Union’s Statutes, the Congress’s Resolution, the Executive Committee’s Resolution of the Union of that level and higher levels.

c. To participate in formulation of the policies, programs, plans and proposals and supervise their implementation; to reveal the cases in which women’s legitimate and legal rights and benefits are violated and propose timely solutions.

d. To recognize the members; to raise awareness, encourage and organize the members to realize their full rights and duties as stipulated in the Statutes.

e. To elect the members of the Standing Committee from among the members of the Executive Committee of that level; to elect the President and Vice President from among the members of the Standing Committee of that level.

f. The Executive Committee shall meet regularly once every three months and shall convene an irregular meeting when the need arises.

2. The Standing Committee has the following tasks and rights:

a. To direct and monitor the implementation of the Resolution of the Executive Committee; to convene and prepare contentsthe agenda? for the Executive Committee’s meetings.

b. To manage and increase membership; to raise and manage the Union’s fund; to collect membership dues and use these funds in accordance with the stipulated principles;

c. The Standing Committee shall meet once a month, and shall conveneirregular meetings when the need arises.

Chapter V

Inspection

Article 21: Inspection

1. The Executive Committee of the Vietnam Women’s Union at different levels shall lead, instruct and supervise the inspection work of that level and lower levels.

2. Targets of inspection: the Union’s organization, staff and members.

3. Areas of inspection:

a. To inspect the implementation of the Union’s Statutes, the implementation of the Resolution, and the regulations of the Union at different levels.

b. To handle complaints and denunciations within the Union’s authority.

c. To inspect the implementation and management of membership dues, the Union’s fund, and other funds as per regulations.

Chapter VI

Awards and Discipline

Article 22: Awards

1. Awardees: The Union’s staff, members, women, organizations, and other agencies and individuals who have made significant contributions to women’s work shall be commended and rewarded by the Union, or by the State at the Union’s proposal.

2. The forms of awards: The Union’s forms of awards include the medal, emulation flag, prizes, merit appreciation and other forms.

Article 23. Discipline

1. The Union’s staff, members and organizations violating the Union’s Statutes, depending on the characteristics and severity of the offence, shall be subject todisciplinary actions by the Union.

2. The form of disciplinary actions:

a. To the organizations under the Union: reprimand, warning, dissolution.

b. To the Union’s staff: reprimand, warning, dismissal, or removal from the current position (for those who are not governmental officials or civil servants).

c. To the Union’s members: reprimand, warning, termination of membership.

Chapter VII

Finances of the Union

Article 24: The Finances of the Union

1. The finances of the Union include:

a. Allocations granted by the State.

b. The membership fee: 1,000 VND/member/month.

c. Other legal funds.

2. The management and use of the Union’s financial resources must observe the legal regulations and guidance of the Central Executive Committee and the Presidium of the Union.

 Chapter VIII

Observation of the Union’s Statutes

Article 25. The Observation of the Union’s Statutes

1. The staff, members, and organizations of the Union at all levels and member organizations are required to observe the Union’s Statutes.

2. only the National Women’s Congress has the right to amend and supplement the Union’s Statutes.

3. The Central Executive Committee of the Union has the task to give guidance about the implementation of the Union’s Statutes.

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"... From the beginning of the first century A.D., when the two Trung Sisters rose up to fight the enemy and save the nation, until now, whenever our country has faced danger, our women have contributed whatever they could toward the cause of national liberation.

Our people are grateful that our mothers from South and North alike have borne and raised our nation's generation of heroes....

Under the Socialist system, tens of thousands of women have become specialists in different fields and, as cadre, serve as directors and vice-directors of factories, leaders of farming cooperatives, presidents of People’s Committees, and general secretaries of Party Cells....

And so, the women of Vietnam from ancient times until now, from South to North, from young to old, are truly heroes ..."

(Excerpted from President Ho Chi Minh's speech on the 36th Anniversary of Vietnam Women's Union 20 October 1966)

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